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BSRIA对英国政府削减上网电价补贴感到失望年九月 2015

    英国政府将上网电价补贴(FITs, Feed-in Tariffs)列入下一个削减绿色补贴的对象,FITs项目带动着太阳能电池板的发展,因此BSRIA对英国政府的这一决定感到失望。

    英国能源和气候变化部(DECC)已经开始了关于FITs的公共协商。这次提案是因为补贴计划“有可能超支”,还有一部分原因是由于规定每3年需要由欧洲委员会重申补贴方案。

    目前政策允许通过可再生能源自主产电的住户,可以从能源供应商获得补贴。太阳能电池板是英国最为普遍的清洁能源技术,而风力发电也符合补贴标准。住户自主产电能获得一套“上网电价补贴” ,自产的电量未使用的部分还能另外得到“出口关税补贴”。补贴金额为每单位的电4.77p(1英镑=100p)。

    DECC表示,削减补贴的决定是根据咨询结果--无法继续承担补贴项目费用,且计划“一旦立案”将停止向新的申请者提供上网电价补贴,开始执行时间可能定在明年01月。

    咨询文件指出:“本咨询旨在短期内有效控制补贴支出,提出关于FITs基本事项的一些建议。”

    方案中或考虑FITs中的出口关税补贴可能继续沿用或根据此项重订方案。根据计划将减弱新安装的能力,加大生产力度,且根据计划将安装规模限制在12,000台以内。
Julia Evans, BSRIA Chief Executive
   

    BSRIA的CEO Julia Evans说道:“DECC的大臣们如此大幅降低太阳能电池板的补贴,体现了政府对绿色能源热情的减弱。如果真的执行,业主们安装太阳能电池板的一切动机将消失,这意味着英国的太阳能繁荣期将宣告结束。

    近期,政府已经废除上风电和商业太阳能这两个最廉价的清洁能源的补贴,削减了能效预算,废除零排放住房的规定,降低了污染性企业的税,推出了清洁能源税,关闭了5.4亿英镑的绿色新政,而且挑选出来的节能材料再也不符合增值税的降幅。政府在严重打击我们对降低碳排放计划的信心。”

    经计算,FIT针对典型住户的家用太阳能电池板的补贴将每年削减192英镑。

 

BSRIA is disappointed that feed-in tariffs (FITs) that boost solar panel schemes could be the next green subsidy to be axed, according to a new government consultation. The Department for Energy and Climate Change has begun a public consultation on FITs, due to “projected overspend” on the scheme and partly because it is required to review subsidy schemes every three years by the European Commission.

The scheme allows households to claim money from energy suppliers if they generate their own electricity through renewable sources, most popularly used through solar panels, but also through wind turbines. Under the scheme, households receive a set ‘generation tariff’ for the electricity they generate, and also an ‘export tariff’ for any extra units of energy they don’t use, currently set at 4.77p per unit of electricity.

The department says that should it consider that the scheme is unaffordable following the consultation, it will propose ending generation tariffs to new applicants “as soon as legislatively possible”, which could be January next year.

The consultation document states: “This consultation sets out proposals for a fundamental review of the FITs, intended in the short term to control scheme costs effectively.”

Among the options being considered that could “build on or replace FITs” are continuing FITs as an export tariff-only scheme, removing the ability of new installations under the scheme to extend their capacity, and capping installations under the scheme to 12,000.

Julia Evans, Chief Executive, BSRIA, said: “Ministers slashing these subsidies for solar panels is yet another sign that the Government’s enthusiasm for green energy is waning. If implemented, such a step would remove virtually all incentive for home owners to install the panels and could mean the end of Britain’s solar power boom.

In recent weeks, government has scrapped subsidies for onshore wind and commercial solar – the two cheapest forms of clean energy, slashed the energy efficiency budget, abolished rules on zero carbon housing, lowered taxes on polluting firms and introduced a tax on clean energy and closed the £540m Green Deal, along with energy-saving materials being singled out as no longer qualifying for reduced-rate VAT. The government is giving me little confidence that it is taking the carbon reduction agenda seriously.”

Feed-in-tariff payments on domestic solar panels will also be cut by £192 a year for the typical household, according to calculations.